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Diabetes mellitus is a complex syndrome that manifests through different symptoms and affects different parts of the body. A significant disturbing prognosis of diabetes mellitus is nerve damage and dysfunction which may be painful.
Diabetic neuropathy is a form of nerve damage attributed to diabetes and can occur in several ways with the baseline being high blood sugar level.
Lifestyle diseases are on the rise causing myriad morbidity and mortality due to the sedentary life we live. Acquainting yourself with knowledge about diabetic neuropathy is essential in prevention as well as proper management since treatment largely depends on coordination between the patient and the doctor.
Causes of diabetic neuropathy
In diabetes, there is often high blood sugar levels either due to inadequate insulin production or resistance at the receptors.
Uncontrolled high blood sugar levels have been reported to damage nerves and disrupt signaling functions. Besides, persistent hyperglycemia also weaken walls of blood vessels supplying nerves halting delivery of oxygen and nutrients.
Any diabetes patient can develop neuropathy in their life; some risk factors escalates the likelihood of developing diabetic neuropathy and these include; obesity (BMI of greater than 24), kidney diseases, cigarette smoking and most importantly poor control of blood sugar.
Symptom monitoring and when to see a physician
Every diabetic patient should be able to understand critical symptoms and especially underscore the alarming symptoms that will require hospitalization since diabetes as a chronic condition significantly involve self-care.
Symptoms of diabetes can range from slight pain and numbness in the legs and feet to GIT disturbances, urinary tract, blood vessels and heart. Manifestation and clinical presentation will depend on the specific type of diabetic neuropathy as there exist four classical types; peripheral neuropathy, anatomic neuropathy, radiculoplexus neuropathy, and mononeuropathy.
Red flag symptoms that should prompt contact with a physician include; tingling or burning pain around the feet, dizziness, changes in digestion or sexual functions and urge as well as when a diabetic patient get a deep cut that is likely to take time to heal.
Early diagnosis and initiation of therapy provide the best chance of survival in any health condition.
A diabetic patient who is diagnosed early and taught on self-management is likely to avoid diabetic neuropathy by controlling sugar levels.
Here’s a short video about how professionals cure Diabetes Neuropathy:
Different treatment options are available ranging from medications, surgeries to physical therapy. Supplements are getting a pivotal role in the management of diabetic neuropathy and Nerve Pain Remedies posted about supplements for nerve health are now being incorporated into conventional care and have shown excellent efficacy.
Complications associated with Diabetic neuropathy
Untreated diabetic neuropathy or poor management of the condition will lead to fatal consequences. Some of the difficulties associated with diabetic neuropathy include amputation of extremities, joint damage, sexual dysfunctions, hypoglycemia unawareness, urinary incontinence and many more.
These complications are life-impairing, and preventive measures are advocated. Meticulous monitoring and control of blood sugar and maintaining hygiene of the feet are the practical, simple preventive techniques.